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Occasionally you may encounter an error with Google's bot detection software when using Google Scholar.
Typically you'll see a message like "ERROR for site owner: Invalid domain for site key", or "Our systems have detected unusual traffic from your computer network". You may also be presented with a reCAPTCHA challenge.

If you experience any of these errors while trying to access Google Scholar, please choose one of the options below:

If you have any further issues with Google Scholar you can report them here.